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Citation Guides: AAA Style

AAA Style Guide

American Anthropological Association logo

Below is a link to the 2009 AAA Style Guide.

Chicago Manual of Style

Mirriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary


The American Anthropological Association (AAA) style guide is based on the 15th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style and the 11th edition of Mirriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. You may view the entire AAA guide in the box to the left. Where no rule is listed in the guide, you should use the Chicago style guide.

For newsletters, you are should use the Associated Press style rules.

*Take note that the reference list in AAA style contains the author's name on the first line left aligned, the second line is indented slightly, and the third line and all subsequent lines are indented a little more. Refer to page 7 of the AAA guide for a sample Reference page.

In-Text Citation

For in-text citations, you should use paranthetica author-date citations:

(Smith 2014)

When citing the page number, use a colon between the year and the page numbers. Do not put a space between the colon and the first page number:

(Smith 2014:27-29)

If you are citing the author, then you should place the publication year for the work after the author's name in the text:

Smith (2014) perfectly describes the problems with the study. 

If you are citing the work, then include the date as part of the running test:

Smith 2014 contains an analysis of the issue.

For additional rules about in-text citations, see page 5 of the AAA Style Guide.


Article in Journal

Moll, Luis C.

   2000  Writing as Communication: Creating Strategic Learning

      Environments for Students. Theory into Practice 25(3):202-208.

Article in Newspapers or Popular Magazines

Reinhold, Robert

   2000  Illegal Aliens Hoping to Claim Their Dreams. New York Times,

      November 3:A1, A10.

New York Times

   2002  In Texas, Ad Heats Up Race for Governor. July 30.


Book with One Author

Castles, Stephen

   1990  Here for Good. London: Pluto Press.

Book with Two or More Authors

Bonacich, Edna, and Mark Smith and Kathy Hunt

   1999  The Economic Basis of Ethnic Solidarity: Small Business in the

      Japanese American Community. Berkeley: University fo California Press.

Editor as Author

Diskin, Martin, ed.

   1970  Trouble in Our Backyard: Central America in the Eighties. New

      York: Pantheon Books.

One Volume in a Multivolume Work

Clutton-Brock, Juliet, and Caroline Grigson, eds.

   1986  Animals and Archaeology, vol. 1: Hunters and Their Prey. BAR

      International series, 163. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports.

Subsequent or Revised Edition

Gallimore, Ronald

   1960  Qualitative Methods in Research on Teaching. In Handbook of

      Research on Teaching. 3rd edition. Margaret C. Wittrock, ed. Pp. 119-

      162. New York: Macmillan.


Specific conventions exist for citing different types of online sources. See Chicago for guidance on citing online books (17.47, 17.142–17.147), journals (17.180–17.181), magazines (17.187), newspapers (17.198), informally published materials (17.234– 17.237), reference works (17.239), multimedia (17.270), CDs and DVDs (17.271), public documents (17.357) and databases (17.357–17.359).

In addition to the information typically included in citations, each electronic resource reference should also include a URL and date accessed.

Where there is no author per se, the owner of a referenced website may be listed (see Chicago 17.237).

Personal Communications (email, listserv, interviews)

Personal communications need to be cited in text citations. Include the date in the parenthetical citation. DO NOT include the personal communication on your references page.


Horace Smith claims . . . (letter to the author, July 12, 2014).