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ENG 101 / 102 / 103 / 104: English Composition: Evaluating Sources

A guide for students who are in ENG 101 (or ENG 103) Composition I and ENG 102 Composition II (or ENG 104) at the University of Montevallo

Is it credible?

Image by Ileana Grimm

Evaluating Sources Worksheet

Reliable? Or Not?

Popular or Scholarly?

Evaluating Web Content

How do you know whether a web site is reliable?  What questions should you ask?  

The librarians at California State University - Chico have come up with a handy CRAAP test:


  • When was the information published?
  • Does your topic require current sources?


  • Who is the intended audience?
  • How does the information relate to your research question?


  • Who is the author and what are their credentials?
  • Are they qualified to write about the topic?


  • Is the source peer-reviewed or refereed?
  •  Are the author’s conclusions supported by evidence?
  • Is the information correct? Can you verify the information elsewhere?


  • Does the source appear objective or is it biased?
  • Do the authors make their purpose and motivations clear?
  • Do the authors acknowledge potential conflicts of interest?

Need more guidance? Here is an excellent, detailed guide from UC Berkeley Libraries: