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History: Chicago Style

What is Chicago Style?

Chicago Citation Style was created by the University of Chicago in 1906.  Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties- 1. Notes and Bibliography and 2. Author-date.  

Notes and Bibliography

The Notes and Bibliography style is preferred by many in humanities disciplines. Citations are provided in footnotes or endnotes and are usually accompanied by a bibliography.

  • History 
  • Literature
  • Arts. 

Author-date style

The Author-Date style (sometimes called "Reference List" style): sources are cited using parenthetical in-text citation and full details are provided in a reference or works cited list.

Recommended for:

  • Physical, Natural and Social Sciences

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Chicago Manual of Style 17th edition Print copy.

Online Resources. Find Help

Chicago Style: the Basics