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Journal Information You will need the citation information to properly credit the author(s) and avoid plagiarism. Author
Author and Affiliation The author(s) credentials might be listed in the citation or at the start of the article.
Search Google to learn more about the author(s).
Abstract The abstract is a summary of the article. Skim through the abstract and decide if the article fits your research needs.
Introduction Some articles start with an Introduction.
The Introduction might include:
Why the problem is important
What is lacking in the current knowledge
Statement of the objective of the study or research question
Methodology The Methodology section should describe what the researchers did to accomplish their conclusions. There should be enough detail in the Methodology for another researcher to duplicate the study.
The Methodology will include:
Description of the context and setting of the study
Description of the population
Description of the strategy for collection data
Description of the data collection instruments and procedures
Describe the limitations of the study
The Results section should tell the reader what was found in the research study.
The Results will include:
Report on data collection
Should be specific and detailed
Research articles should include data
The Data section will include:
Tables, graphs, charts in a well designed and clear presentation
Discussion and/or Conclusion
The Discussion section should include the findings of the study
The Discussion and/or Conclusion section will include:
Statement of the main findings of the study
Discussion of the implications of the study
An analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the study
Offer perspectives for future study
At the end of the article there should be a list of the sources the author(s) used. The list is called a reference list, works cited or bibliography. The reference list is often long and includes journal articles and books and other material the author(s) used in the study.
The References should be:
Historical sources if appropriate
Include scholarly publishers
Include current journal articles
Include sources by authors known in the field of study